Comparison of hydrodynamic, energy and exergy efficiency of two-phase hybrid nanofluid in parabolic trough solar collector with vortex generator and turbulator

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering , University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran



The present study follows a 3D modeling of the geometry of a parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC) equipped with a twised cross turbulator (TCT) and a Vortex Generator with Pitch Ratio (VGPR), considering the finite volume method (FVM) to solve the governing equations. The absorber tube (AT) of this PTSC is equipped with a TCT and a VGPR in order to increase thermal performance (TP). Also, the efficiencyof their use on different output parameters have been compared. In addition, in order to be more practical, the efficiencyof the geometric shape of the TCT and VGPR on various parameters in the output has been investigated. In order to make the study more practical, graphene oxide (GO) and double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNT) nanoparticles (NP) are dispersed in this base fluid (BF). The study is conducted at high Reynolds numbers (Re) (from 15,000 to 60,000). Numerical simulation results show that the velocity change in the AT is a positive factor in all cases of increase. Because in all these cases, the increase of this parameter has caused the average Nusselt number (〖Nu〗_ave) to rise. Also, Syltherm 800 BF has a lower thermal conductivity (k) coefficient than hybrid nanofluid (HNF) Syltherm 800/DWCNT- GO, resulting in lower TP in PTSC. The addition of TCT, VGPR, and their geometrical change has a positive role in the hydrodynamic behavior of Syltherm 800/DWCNT-GO HNF flow. In all geometric modes, the values obtained from the PEC index are more significant than one, so using these two mechanical parts always has a better TP than the pressure drop (P) resulting from their presence. Finally, by examining the exergy efficiency (_ex), It was observed that the maximum practical work received from the solar system (SS) was obtained when using the VGPR in the flow path of HNF Syltherm 800/DWCNT-GO.