Effects of different atomistic water models on the velocity profile and density number of Poiseuille flow in a nano-channel: Molecular Dynamic Simulation

Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Maritime Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Hafez Ave, No 424, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, I. R. Iran


In the current study, five different atomistic water models (AWMs) are implemented, In order to investigate the impact
of AWMs treatment on the water velocity profile and density number. For this purpose, Molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) of Poiseuille flow in a nano-channel is conducted. Considered AWMs are SPC/E, TIP3P, TIP4P, TIP4PFQ and TIP5P. To assessment of the ability of each model in prediction of velocity profile, it is compared with analytic velocity profile. Furthermore, MDS results of density number are evaluated by real non-dimensional value for density number of water (Rho*). Based on computational results,predicted velocity profile from MDS is in appropriate accordance to analytic solution based on the Navier–Stokes equations. In addition, SPC/E and TIP4P models prepare the best prediction of the velocity profile, and are recommended where the averaged magnitude of velocity across the nano-channel is essential. Furthermore, a jump in velocity of TIP5P and TIP4P models is revealed in the vicinity of the nano-channel walls. However, approximately similar quantity is detected in the flow velocity of all different AWMs near the nano-channel walls. Finally, numerical results related to density number show, the TIP5P water model has higher compliance with the intended Rho*, and thus this model is suggested, where density number plays an important role in our MDS.


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