A.E. Bergles, Recent development in convective heat transfer augmentation, Appl. Mech. Rev 26 (1973) 675–682.
 J.R.T Home, Engineering Data Book III, Wolverine Tube Inc (2006) 78-86.
 Y. Xuan, Q. Li, Investigation on convective heat transfer and flow features ofnanofluids, Journal of Heat Transfer 125(2003)151–155.
 W. Duangthongsuk, S. Wongwises, Comparison of the effects of measured and computed thermophysical properties of nanofluids on heat transfer performance, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 34 (2010) 616–624.
 S. Lee, S.U.S Choi., S. Li, J.A Eastman, Measuring thermal conductivity of fluids containing oxide nanoparticles, Journal of Heat Transfer 121 (1999) 280–289.
 W.Y. Lai, B. Duculescu, P.E. Phelan, R.S. Prasher, Convective heat transfer with nanofluids in a single 1.02-mm tube, Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE) (2006) 65-76.
 D. Kim, Y. Kwon, Y. Cho, C. Li, S. Cheong, ,Y. Hwang et al, Convective heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids under laminar and turbulent flow conditions, Curr. Appl. Phys 9 (2) (2009) 119–123.
 Y. Yang, Z. Zhang, E. Grulke, W. Anderson, G. Wu, Heat transfer properties of nanoparticles-in-fluid dispersions (nanofluids) in laminar flow, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 48 (6) (2005) 1107–1116.
 S.J. Palm, G. Roy, C.T. Nguyen, Heat transfer enhancement in radial flow cooling system-using nanofluid, in: Proceeding of the ICHMT Inter. Symp. Advance Comp. Heat Transfer CHT-04 (2004) 110-121.
 J.P. Meyer, T.J. McKrell, K. Grote, The influence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on single-phase heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics in the transitional flow regime of smooth tubes, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 58 (2013) 597–609.
 S.K. Saha, P. Langille, Heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of laminar flow through a circular tube with longitudinal strip inserts under uniform wall heat flux, J. Heat Transfer 124 (2002) 421–432.
 G. Roy, C.T. Nguyen, P.R. Lajoie, Numerical investigation of laminar flow and heat transfer in a radial flow cooling system with the use of nanofluids, Superlattices and Microstructures 35 (2004) 497–511.
 P.K. Sarma, Ch. Kedarnath, K.V. Sharma, L.S. Sundar, P.S. Kishore, V. Srinivas, Experimental study to predict momentum and thermal diffusivities from convective heat transfer data of nano fluid with Al2O3 dispersion, International Journal of Heat and Technology 28 (2010) 123–131.
 C. Kaka, A.S. Pramuanjaroenkij, Review of convective heat transfer enhancement with nanofluids, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 52 (2009) 3187–3196.
 C. Liu, X. Yang, H. Yuan, Z. Zhou, D. Xiao, Preparation of Silver Nanoparticle and Its Application to the Determination of ct-DNA. Sensors 7 (2007) 708-718.
 P. Razi, M.A. Akhavan-Behabadi, M. Saeedinia, Pressure drop and thermal characteristics of CuO–base oil nanofluid laminar flow in flattened tubes under constant heat flux, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 38 (2011) 964–971.
 A. Alqudami, S. Annapoorni, S. M. Shivaprasad Govind., Ag–Au alloy nanoparticles prepared by electro-exploding wire technique , J Nanopart Res, DOI 10.1007/s11051-007 (2007) -9333-4.
 D. C. Tien, C. Y. Liao, J. C. Huang, K. H. Tseng, J. K. Lung, T. T. Tsung, W.S. Kao, T. H. Tsai, T. W. Cheng, B.S. Yu, H. M. Lin, L. Stobinski, , Novel Technique For Preparing a Nano-Silver Water Suspension By The Arc-Discharge Method, Rev.Adv.Mater.Sci 18 (2008) 750-756.
 www.pnf-co.com, in.
 W.M. Kays, M.E. Crawford, B. Weigand, Convective heat and mass transfer, McGrow Hill (2005) 330–335
 D. Wen, Y. Ding, Experimental investigation into convective heat transfer ofnanofluid at the entrance region under laminar flow conditions, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 47(2004) 5181–5188.
 H. Chen, W. Yang, Y. He, Y. Ding, L. Zhang, C. Tan, A.A. Lapkin, D.V. Bavykin, Heat transfer behavior of aqueous suspensions of titanate nanofluids, Powder Technology 183 (2008) 63–72.
 J. Buongiorno, C.D. Venerus, N. Prabhat, l. McKrelT, J. Townsend, R.Christianson et al., A benchmark study on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids, Journal ofApplied Physics 106 (094312) (2009) 1–14.