The Experimental Study of Nanoparticles Effect on Thermal Efficiency of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers in Turbulent Flow

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, I.R. Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Sciences Faculty, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, I.R.Iran


In this work, the characteristics of flow and heat transfer of a fluid containing nano particles of aluminum oxide with the water volume fraction (0.1-0.2-0.3)(V/V) percent of the reports. The overall heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer and the average heat transfer fluid containing nano water - aluminum oxide in a horizontal double pipe counter flow heat exchanger under turbulent flow conditions is studied. In the present study, aluminum oxide nanoparticles with a diameter of about 20 nm are used. The results show that the overall heat transfer coefficient and the overall heat transfer fluid based on nano-fluid heat transfer coefficient is slightly higher (up to about 5-12 percent).Nano-fluid heat transfer coefficient and average heat transfer increased with nano-fluid mass flow rate increases with increasing temperature and water nano-fluid, fluid temperature increases and Heated (Author) nano-fluid heat transfer coefficient is greatly influenced. The use of nano-fluid pressure may cause slight errors in the calculation.


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